Negotiation, Mediation and Arbitration Competitions

For over a decade, HKU has been sending its students to compete amongst the world’s best law students in local and international mooting competitions. Where funding permits, we plan on sending teams to the following competitions:

  1. International Negotiation Competition for Law Students (INC)

    This is a law student competition in which a team of two law students representing a party / client negotiates either an international transaction or the resolution of an international dispute with an opposing team of two law students. It is held annually in different countries, usually in the summer i.e. June / July. This competition is opened to all law students at undergraduate levels, JD and PCLL students.

  2. International Chamber of Commerce Mediation Competition (ICC Mediation)

    The ICC Mediation started in 2006 and is organised by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). The aim of the competition is to educate students about the full range of dispute resolution mechanisms designed for resolving international business disputes. It involves the students applying problem-solving skills in a mock international mediation. It is held annually at the ICC headquarters in Paris, France in February. Four students will be selected. This competition is opened to all law students, including JD, PCLL and postgraduates students. Please note that students who have previously participated in the ICC Mediation are ineligible.

  3. International Maritime Law Arbitration Moot (Maritime)

    The Maritime Moot started in 2000. The moot problem typically involves a commercial shipping dispute, which is to be determined by an arbitral panel. The problem is designed to incorporate difficult but practical issues of arbitration law as well as issues of substantive maritime law. The competition is normally held in July in Australia. In 2011, the competition was hosted by National University of Singapore. Four students will be selected. This competition is opened to all law students, including JD, PCLL and postgraduates.

  4. Willem C Vis International Commercial Arbitration Moot (Vis Moot)

  5. Willem C Vis (East) International Commercial Arbitration Moot (Vis East Moot)

    Both the Vis and Vis East moot competitions are intended to further the study of international commercial law, especially the legal texts prepared by UNCITRAL, and the use of international commercial arbitration to resolve commercial disputes. The Vis is an annual competition held in Vienna, Austria in April, involving more than 251 law schools from over 62 countries, with over 1000 participants (as at 2009). The Vis East is not a regional elimination prior to the Vienna orals, but a separate competition. It is a sister to the Vienna Vis and it is using the same problem as the Vienna competition with substantially identical rules. Our law school will compete in both.

    Normally, five students are selected. This competition is opened to all law students, including JD, PCLL and postgraduates. Please note that students who have previously participated in the Elimination Rounds of the Vis Moot or Vis East Moot are ineligible.

  6. Foreign Direct Investment International Arbitration Moot (FDI Moot)

    The FDI Moot simulates an investor-state arbitration involving a claim by a private investor against a sovereign state for an alleged violation of a Bilateral Investment Treaty between two states. The hearing takes the form of an arbitration conducted in accordance with the procedural rules of an established international arbitration institution. The regional round for Asia-Pacific is normally held in August in Seoul, Korea. Winners will advance to the global orals which will be held in October / November. In 2015, the global oral round of the competition took place at King’s College London, U.K.

Other Mooting Competitions

  1. Philip C Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition (Jessup)

    The Jessup competition is the most prestigious public international law moot court competition in the world, and HKU has been entering teams for over a decade. The competition focuses on issues related to the international law. In 2011 - 2012, the topic involved a dispute between two states over the destruction of a cultural site of great significance and the important question of who may represent a state internationally in the immediate aftermath of a coup d’etat. There will be a regional competition in Hong Kong in February / March against Chinese University of Hong Kong and City University of Hong Kong. The winner of the regional rounds will represent Hong Kong in Washington DC, USA, in March / April, to compete amongst more than 110 teams in the international rounds of the competition. 5 students will be selected for the team.

    Eligibility Criteria to represent HKU for the Jessup Moot:

    Each Jessup Applicant must satisfy at least ONE of the criteria below:

    a. Law students (LLB, JD, LLM, PCLL) must have COMPLETED a course on Public International Law in a common law jurisdiction. Specialised courses on international human rights do NOT count;

    b. Law students (LLB, JD, LLM, PCLL) must have represented their law schools in an English speaking, INTERNATIONAL-LEVEL moot as an ORALLIST;

    c. HKU LLB Year 3, LLB Year 4, LLB Year 5, JD Year 2 law students with a GPA grade average of at least 3.6. PCLL students are also eligible if they have graduated with an undergraduate law degree from a common law jurisdiction with a First Class Honours Degree.

  2. Louis M Brown and Forrest S. Mosten International Client Consultation Competition (ICCC)

    The ICCC competition encourages students to develop interviewing, planning, and analytical skills in the lawyer-client relationship in the law office. The competition simulates a law office consultation in which two law students acting as lawyers, are presented with a client matter. They conduct an interview with a person playing the role of the client and then explain how they would proceed further in the hypothetical situation. The topic varies from year to year. The competition will be held between 18 – 21 April 2012. Two students will be selected to travel to Dublin, Republic of Ireland to represent Hong Kong in the international competition. This competition is opened to all law students, including JD, PCLL and postgraduates.

  3. Red Cross International Humanitarian Law (IHL) Moot (Red Cross)

    The Red Cross Moot began in 2003 and is held annually in Hong Kong. There shall have two students as mooters. We may also opt to include one student as a researcher. The moot focuses on humanitarian and social issues, and the enforcement of international humanitarian law in the context of the International Criminal Court. This competition is opened to all law students pursuing a first degree in law, including JD, PCLL and postgraduates students except for those who have a doctorate degree in law. Please note that students who have participated in the Red Cross Moot twice in previous years are ineligible.

  4. ELSA Moot Court Competition on WTO Law (WTO Moot)

    The WTO Moot is normally held in Taipei, Taiwan and Geneva, Switzerland, and is the only international moot court competition on WTO law – a pre-eminent area of international trade law. Each year, the moot problem focuses on a different aspect of WTO law. Team composes of four members who will compete in the Asia Regional Round in Taipei, usually held in March. The winning team will proceed to the Final Oral Round which is held annually at the WTO headquarters in Geneva, usually in May. This competition is opened to all law students at undergraduate level, PCLL and postgraduate students below the level of a doctorate degree in law. Please note that students who have previously participated in the WTO Moot, whether in the Regional Round or in the Final Round, are ineligible.

  5. Oxford International Intellectual Property Moot Competition (IP Moot)

    The IP Moot started in 2003 and is held annually in Oxford University, UK. The competition focuses on different aspects of IP law. Normally three students (2 oralists and 1 researcher) will be selected. Only students who have completed torts & contracts courses in a common law jurisdiction are eligible to take part in the selection rounds. Thus, Year One LLB / JD students, Year One and Two BBA / Government / Literary Studies & Law students, and MCL students will not be accepted. LLM students are not eligible.

  6. International Criminal Court Trial Competition (ICC Trial)

    The ICC Trial is unique in its direct focus on the ICC proceedings and international criminal law. The competition gives a wide scope of advocacy in allowing students not only to take on the role of prosecutor or defence counsel, but also that of victims’ counsel. It is held annually at the International Criminal Court in The Hague, The Netherlands. Students enrolled in undergraduate & postgraduate degrees are eligible but note that students aged 32 and above at the time of ICCTC are not eligible to participate. A student with previous participation in the ICCTC as a speaker is not eligible to enter the competition as well.


In September, we will start accepting applications from students who wish to be considered for those competitions which we will be participating in that academic year. Students enrolled in any of the HKU Faculty Law programmes (eg LLB, mixed degree, JD, PCLL full- and part-time, LLM) may register, but note some moots may have eligibility restrictions for postgraduate students and / or those who have previously participated in the selected competitions. The competitions also exclude those who are or have been admitted to practise law in any jurisdiction. Please note however that these requirements are subject to variation by the organisers of the respective competitions. You will receive email regarding further information about selection and its processes.

Selection Moots

  1. You will work on the official or a fictitious moot problem based on your selected competition.
  2. Please submit a written skeleton setting out your argument before the selection round. Make sure you include your name on your skeleton. It is not necessary to submit any photocopied cases or other materials. Some selection may be digitally taped.
  3. The selection criterion will be the potential ability of the student to succeed as a HKU team member in both oral and written advocacy at the international level in the respective competition. Those with the greatest potential, having regard to their oral performance in the selection moot, the quality of the written skeleton, and the information contained in the registration data, will be selected as a team member.
  4. Students must also indicate in the application form any law courses they have completed that are relevant to the moots in question (if any).

Important Notes

To ensure the smooth operation of the registration process, please keep in mind the following points:

  1. There are limited places for each competitions and each student is entitled to choose one only.
  2. Students who have represented their law schools in an English speaking, INTERNATIONAL-LEVEL moot as an ORALLIST may seek permission to try out for two moots. Please write to Tristan Wong by email at for permission.
  3. You are advised to read the moot problems carefully before deciding which competitions to select.
  4. You may indicate if you would like to be considered for another competition but note that this is subject to the team coaches’ discretion.
  5. Interested students are encouraged to visit the respective competitions’ websites to learn more about the history, structure, rules, past year problems and results of the competitions.