Submissions and Policy Papers

Submission to the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination: July 2018

The CCPL submitted to the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination in July 2018. This submission is based on research conducted by students enrolled in Equality and Non-discrimination, an elective course in the Faculty of Law at the University of Hong Kong in the spring semester of 2018. The full paper is available for download below.

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Research Report on Support in Hong Kong for Same-sex Couples’ Rights: July 2018

A research report issued by the CCPL shows that Hong Kong public opinion on same-sex couples’ rights has changed significantly in recent years. The survey shows that over half of Hong Kong people support same-sex marriage. Read the Press Release and the Full Report here:

Press Release    Full Report

比較法及公法研究中心發佈最新研究報告,顯示公眾對同性伴侶權利的取態於過去數年間有顯著改變。調查顯示有過半數的香港市民支持同性婚姻。詳情請參閱新聞稿及研究報告:

新聞稿 研究報告


Submission to the Legislative Council’s Panel on Constitutional Affairs: 16 July 2018

Puja Kapai submitted to the Legislative Council’s Panel on Constitutional Affairs with regards to the third report of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region under the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. The full paper is available for download below.

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Submission to the Legislative Council’s Subcommittee on Rights of Ethnic Minorities: 9 July 2018

Puja Kapai submitted to the Legislative Council’s Subcommittee on Rights of Ethnic Minorities on “The Work of the Ethnic Minorities Steering Committee and Support Measures for Ethnic Minorities”. The full paper is available for download below.

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Submission to the Legislative Council’s Panel on Constitutional Affairs: 22 January 2018

The Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Bureau issued the Administrative Guidelines on Promotion of Racial Equality in 2010 to “promot[e] racial equality and ensure equal access to public services in the key areas concerned, and to take this into account in the formulation, implementation and review of relevant policies and measures”. In January 2018, Puja Kapai submitted to the Legislative Council’s Panel on Constitutional Affairs on implementation and review of the Administrative Guidelines on Promotion of Racial Equality. The full paper is available for download below.

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Submission to the Legislative Council’s Subcommittee on Children’s Rights: 22 January 2018

The numerous tragedies afflicting children in Hong Kong where abuse towards them has resulted in their death, serious harms and injuries and life-long psychological impairment have also called attention to our broken system where law, policies, frontline responders and the social welfare system in general failed our children. Against this backdrop, Puja Kapai submitted to the Legislative Council’s Subcommittee on Children’s Rights on “Rights of children affected by domestic violence”.  The full paper is available for download below.

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Submission to the Hong Kong Government’s Inter-departmental Working Group on Gender Recognition: December 2017

On 20 November 2017, Centre Director Kelley Loper made a deputation to the Legislative Council Panel on Administration of Justice and Legal Services on the Consultation on Gender Recognition issued by the Hong Kong Government’s Inter-departmental Working Group on Gender Recognition. She presented the results of a CCPL study conducted with Holning Lau from the University of North Carolina and Charles Lau from RTI International. The project team analysed data from a recent telephone survey, run by the HKU Social Science Research Centre, that measured public opinion toward transgender people in Hong Kong. The survey found that a majority of the Hong Kong general public accepted transgender people, and 68% supported legislation to protect people from discrimination because they are transgender. The full paper is available for download below.

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Submission to the Panel on Welfare Services, Legislative Council: 4 October 2017

Puja Kapai submitted to the Panel on Welfare Services with regards to the proposed legislation to implement the recommendations of the Law Reform Commission Report on Child Custody and Access and relevant support measures. This paper seeks to focus specifically on the invariable incompatibility between the proposed model and the outcomes for families where domestic violence and abuse has featured prominently in the relationship. The full paper is available for download below.

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Submission to the Legislative Council Social Welfare Panel’s Subcommittee on Strategy and Measures to Combat Domestic and Sexual Violence: October 2015

Puja Kapai, Director of the Center for Comparative and Public Law, submitted her views with regards to support services for ethnic minorities facing domestic violence and sexual Violence. As part of the submission, she presented the results of her recent empirical study on how culture, race, ethnicity, religion, gender, immigration status, financial dependence and language barriers intersect to undermine the likelihood that the victims would seek help.  The study’s findings identified perceptions of discrimination and the lack of culturally appropriate strategies and forms of assistance as indicators of the institutional incompetence of frontline responders on multiple levels. The full paper is available for download below.

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Response Paper: Submission for Public Consultation on the Discrimination Law ReviewNovember 2014

The Hong Kong Equal Opportunities Commission launched a Discrimination Law Review in July 2014. In light of this, Antonio Da Roza, Farzana Aslam and Kelley Loper prepared varying responses to the consultation for joint submission to the consultation. These responses to the public consultation exercise highlight some of the limitations and disappointing omissions of Hong Kong’s current body of anti-discrimination legislation. It is hoped that the review process will help the EOC raise awareness about the urgent need for law reform and advocate for actualization of such reform.

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Annex 1

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Briefing Paper: Public Attitudes towards Gays and Lesbians and towards Sexual Orientation Anti-discrimination LegislationOctober 2014

There is mounting discussion about introducing legislation in Hong Kong to prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation in the private sector. The Hong Kong Equal Opportunities Commission launched a Discrimination Law Review in July 2014 and has commissioned a study on the feasibility of legislating against discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, gender identity and intersex status. To inform this conversation, this briefing paper was prepared by Kelley Loper, Holning Lau and Charles Lau to present public opinion data from a 2013 telephone survey. The Briefing Paper reports public attitudes towards gays and lesbians and towards proposed anti-discrimination legislation.

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Briefing Paper: Research Shows a Majority of People in Hong Kong Support Gay and Lesbian Couples’ Rights, Not Necessarily Marriage: January 2014

Discussions in Hong Kong about same-sex couples’ rights often focus on the issue of same-sex marriage. However, marriage is not the only way the government could extend rights to same-sex couples. In other parts of the world, governments have conferred rights upon gay and lesbian couples without legalising same-sex marriage. Some governments have developed programs that grant same-sex couples a subset of the rights that married heterosexual couples enjoy, for example the right to hospital visitation, the right to inheritance, and the right to sue in cases of fatal accidents. Against this backdrop, researchers Kelley Loper, Holning Lau and Charles Lau conducted this public opinion survey to investigate Hong Kong people’s attitudes towards granting same-sex couples a variety of rights.

Chinese Version 中文版

English Version

Press Release (Chinese) 新聞稿

Press Release (English)


Ways to improve the situation of refugees, torture claimants and asylum seekers in Hong Kong: July 2013

On 18 July 2013 former CCPL Director Simon Young, Director Puja Kapai and Deputy Director Kelley Loper jointly submitted a paper to the Members of the Legislative Council Panel for their consideration at the Special Meeting of the LegCo Panel on Welfare Services. The paper recommends that the Hong Kong Government commission a comprehensive comparative study of the basic social, medical and economic benefits/entitlements provided to refugees, torture claimants and asylum seekers in a representative range of jurisdictions.

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Education of Ethnic Minority Children: December 2011

On 22 December 2011, CCPL Deputy Director Puja Kapai submitted a brief to the Members of the Legislative Council Panel on Education regarding the legal obligations incumbent upon the HKSAR Government with regard to the provision of access to education for children from ethnic minority communities. The paper examines the administration’s current approach to ethnic minority language education and details the likely impact and legal implications of the Education Bureau’s proposed and/or recently implemented measures.

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Arrangements for Filling Vacancies in the Legislative Council: September 2011

On 20 September 2011, CCPL submitted a brief to the Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Bureau on the arrangements for filling vacancies in the Legislative Council. The submission discusses the inherent weaknesses of the four options suggested by the consultation paper and offers a ‘fifth option’ for reform; a replacement mechanism similar to the British model of filling in casual vacancies in the European Parliament.

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Submission to LegCo Panel on Public Service Language Proficiency Requirements: May 2010

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Political Reform Proposal: Breaking the Deadlock: February 2010

On 19 February 2010, CCPL submitted its final proposals for reform of the Election Committee and Legislative Council for 2012 to the Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Bureau. These submissions may be downloaded here:

Reform Methods for Selecting the CE in 2012

LegCo Reforms 2012 and 2016 English

LegCo Reforms 2012 and 2016 Chinese

Timeline of the Mass Resignation Plan


Air Quality Objectives Review: November 2009

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Submission to the UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD): August 2009

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Briefing on Hong Kong’s Race Discrimination Bill to the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination: February 2008

Kelley Loper, Research Assistant Professor

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Submission on Hong Kong’s International Legal Obligations toward Refugees and Asylum Seekers For Consideration at the Joint Meeting of the Legislative Council Panels on Welfare Services and Security on the situation of asylum seekers, refugees and claimants against torture in Hong Kong: July 2006

Kelley Loper, Research Assistant Professor

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Submission to Legislative Council’s Security Panel on Police Undercover Operations for Vice Activities for Zi Teng, an organization working to protect the rights of sex workersApril 2006

Simon N M Young, Associate Professor

First submission Download

Administration’s response Download

Second submission Download


Submissions to the Constitutional Reform Task Force: September 2004

Simon N M Young, Associate Professor

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Submissions on the United Nations (Anti-Terrorism Measures) (Amendment) Bill 2003 by Simon N.M. Young, Associate Professor: January 2004

First submission  [PDF]

Administration’s response to first submission [PDF]

Second submission [PDF]

Submissions by other parties can be found on the LegCo Bills Commitee website.


“Knock knock, Who’s there?” – Warrentless Searches for Article 23 Offences”, Simon N.M. Young, Associate Professor: June 2003

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Group Submission to the Legislative Council, the Department of Justice, and the Security Bureau of the Hong Kong SAR on the National Security (Legislative Provisions) Bill: May 2003

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Submission on The Proposals to Implement Article 23 of the Basic Law: December 2002

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Submission to the Legal Policy Division on its Consultation Paper on Marital Rape and Related Sexual Offences, 17 December 2000

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Submission to the Legco Panel on Home Affairs on the Initial Report on the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region under the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, 9 November 1998

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